Welcome to English Language Test for SBI Prelims

Directions (1-5): In the passage that follows there are blank spaces denoted by numbers. From the correspondingly numbered options pick the most suitable word to fill in each blank

According to Hegel, the renowned German philosopher, the lowest level is of __(1)__ consciousness, which is inseparable from sheer material existence. The second stage, above this, is nature-reactive self-preservative __(2)__, observable is plant life. The third stage is of a crude seeking of oneself in others, expressed in the presence of a psychological want, a need and a love which specifically concentrates itself in the reproductive consciousness. The fourth is the stage of self-consciousness which is the special faculty of man, beyond the level of the mere animal satisfaction of self-preservation and self-reproduction in the form of reaction to external stimuli. Yet, human life here is __(3)__ and not fully developed. Even among human beings we have various grades: there is the animal man, the selfish man, the good man, the saintly man and the God-man. The fourth stage mentioned here may be said to correspond to the lowest type of men. The fifth stage is where one becomes conscious of one’s being independent of objects outside and __(4)__ all change to objects rather than to oneself. This is the stage where one finds fault only with others and not with oneself, so that the object becomes a hindrance to one’s comfortable life and one cannot tolerate the presence of objects non-conducive to one’s satisfaction. The hidden unity of things, however, asserts itself and cannot brook such a selfish attitude of an utter __(5)__of the subject and the object.

Directions (6-7): Each of the sentences below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentence are four numbered words or sets of words. Choose the word or set of words that best fits the sentence logically.

Q.6 Any political leader who allows nepotism to ___________ should be subjected to ___________
Q.7 Idleness ____________ what ___________ in the previous generation has won.
Directions (8-16): Identify the correct sentence or sentences. Check grammar, usage, semantics, mechanics, redundancy, punctuation, spelling and style elements:


(A) As he was condemned to death the scaffold was erected for his execution
(B) The introduction of tea and coffee and such other beverages have not been without some effect
(C) Seek to please, if thou wouldn’t be happy
(D) One day the bird did not perform to his satisfaction certain tricks which he has taught it

(A) Resting in cool shelter, we beguiled the hours with desultory talk
(B) Paul the apostle was beheaded in the reign of Nero
(C) Bharat received a scholarship; Nita a certificate of merit
(D) The man who utters such threats ought to be brought before a magistrate

(A) The design was disapproved by everyone, whose judgment was entitled to respect
(B) Men may come and men may go but I go on for ever
(C) The following verses were written, for his own amusement, by a young poet who has long since been dead
(D) Monster, By thee my child’s devoured

(A) One of the favourite themes of boasting with the Squire is the noble trees on his estate, which in truth, has some of the finest I have seen in England
(B) The injustice of the sentence pronounced upon the great scientist and discoverer is now evident to us all
(C) Each of these substances are found in India
(D) Friends, Companions, relatives; all deserted him

(A) Every man must bear their own burden
(B) You might as well say added the March Hare ‘that I like what I get is the same thing as I get what I like
(C) The echoes of the storm which was then realized, I still hear rumbling sound round me
(D) That he would succeed in his undertaking no one ever doubted

(A) The student’s faculty advisor was very committed to their learning
(B) In a strict legal sense, that is properly the domicile of a person where he has true, fixed, permanent home and principal establishment and to which, whenever he is absent, he has the intention of returning
(C) The world is highly complex, cause and effect are not easily discerned, where a confluence of forces operates simultaneously
(D) Companies have realized that performance is not only based on their financial success, but also on non-financial measures such as customer satisfaction, organizational learning and employee satisfaction

(A) Contrary to expected result of the study the rural population sample turned out to be healthier than the urban population sample
(B) However strange, however grotesque, may be the appearance which Dante undertakes to describe, he never shrinks from describing it he gives us the shape, the colour, the sound, the smell, the taste
(C) The fact that different items are being measured (eg. For performance) has the consequences for the way they are measured; advanced performance measurement systems such as market research benchmark and direct customer response complement the internal sources
(D) The pirates asked Pete to walk the plank; he took one look at their swords and then acquiesced

(A) The team scored their final goal in overtime
(B) Take away that bauble said Cromwell, pointing to the mace which lay upon the table
(C) By decorating their house with plastic beach balls and Popsicle sticks, the Cramers created a playful ambience that delighted young children
(D) Fred’s attempt to climb the mountain was abortive, he fell off when he was halfway up

(A) I thought you capable to do that
(B) A high-bred man never forgets himself, controls his temper, does nothing in excess, is courteous, dignified, and that even to persons whom he is wishing far away
(C) Sailors who are generally superstitious say it is unlucky to embark on a Friday
(D) Cynthia, who was dieting, tried to be abstinent, but when she saw the chocolate cake she realized that she would probably have to eat the entire thing
Directions (17-20): Each question has a blank that is to be filled by the most appropriate option among the given options:


To forsee issues and nip them in the bud is great but why is the reactive mode so unsuccessful? “Trying to retain an employee after he/she has accepted another offer is always tough. The chances of retaining him/her are pretty low because an employee who has initiated a job search has mentally checked out __________________

Agencies are free to investigate anybody, but should not be singling out individuals because of their political affiliations. This smacks of vendetta and coercion which does not ____________ well for democracy

Within minutes, I was a quivering wreck. My mind was drifting away from reality, ____________ only by a narrow thread that might snap at any moment. Heart pounding, palms sweating. I clutched my head, blinking, hyperventilating, nerves jangling at 9000 rpm

How can patently extra-legal killings, conducted under the cloak of secrecy, be even remotely equated with legally sanctioned executions or legitimate acts of war, both sanctioned by public consensus? Certainly the encounter killings were illegal, they _____________ and made a cruel mockery of the law their perpetrators were meant to uphold
Directions (21-30): Study the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

There is no shortage of blueprints for reform among knowledgeable staff, shareholder governments, and special commissions. Different plans might envision breaking up the bank, scaling back its activities, or distributing some of its programs to other existing institutions with overlapping missions. But whatever the plan, it must recognize that the substance of reform is condemned to fail until the bank argues for modernizing and rationalizing today s proliferated development architecture. For example, there is no compelling reason why the bank should consider judicial reform as a development task under its umbrella rather than passing the job to an organization staffed by lawyers and judges. Of course, law is related to economics, and contracts and a functioning judiciary are fundamental to markets. But that relationship does not have to dictate organizational sprawl. Similarly, the bank's great vision and (much maligned) adoption of cultural heritage as a development objective would stand to gain if such an objective could be farmed out to an organization with more corresponding interests.

There is no single correct approach for reforming an international institution after 50 years of great achievement as well as severe disappointment. What the bank's shareholders can do is exchange ideas on guiding principles to achieve a new consensus. The developing world can contribute much to this dialogue, and those who have succeeded in transforming their countries in the past decades should be given a leading voice in any convocation. The following list of principles should set the process in motion.

First, the task of reforming the bank should be seen as intergovernmental. Civil society is present in every way through the democratic process, but it does not represent governments, which are the share holders and clients of the bank. Shareholders should stop fleeing from that concept and instead exploit the opportunity to work together as state authorities. The global community needs accountable governments to establish realistic objectives for operating public organizations. A U.N.-style conference is not the venue for such a "management" agenda.

Second, national finance ministers (advised by development and environmental ministers) should lead delegations in considering reform and reorganization of the bank. Putting finance ministers in the lead will strengthen the hand of those policymakers who see the bank as a valuable central player in expanding the global economy, and they can simplify the bank's role as a partner with the IMF and the WTO in expanding global prosperity.

Third, the bank should raise its profile of core competencies. It has traditionally viewed the world through an economic lens, as it did when it proved that education and health care are essential building blocks for development. The bank should continue to contribute through economic research and position itself as the lead candidate to undertake any major economic tasks. Lending to implement a governmental agenda for economic reform will remain a comparative advantage of the bank.

Fourth, the bank should consider scale and distance. Although it is worthwhile to highlight the benefits of microcredit lending, for example, it does not make sense for an organization headquartered in Washington and staffed by international professionals to play an operating role in such local ventures. The bank's location, recruitment, and charter argue in favor of a wholesale, not retail, approach to development. Smaller organizations in the field are more appropriate for hands-on tasks.

Fifth, any discussion of development must acknowledge that private capital flows have decisively outpaced public assistance. The bank has traditionally lent to governments to create a "market-friendly" environment that will encourage the flow of private capital and the growth of savings on a constant basis. But it now increasingly finds itself marginalized in its capacity to finance development, except in the poorest countries. Last year, private net inflows to emerging markets exceeded net official outflows by close to $170 billion. The bank welcomes these private flows and is committed to expanding their scope. It can help by simplifying its program to take account of these flows and make sure that its funds complement them. In the poorest countries, not only are private flows unavailable, the bank's terms of lending are inappropriate. In emerging markets, the bank has the ability to focus its involvement with governments to advance the agenda of reform and attract and enhance the benefits of foreign investment.

Sixth, as the bank narrows its focus, it should shift it as well. It should open the door to the new agenda of global common goods and still commands the human and financial resources to make the greatest of strides in this area. This is why the bank should shed areas where its comparative advantage is no longer compelling. Without the bank, for example, the importance of education to development would have been overlooked. But today there is reason to consider moving the best of the bank staff in this area to a more focused enterprise.

In sum, governments should first survey the broad agenda that has become subsumed under the rubric of development and the emerging agenda of global concerns. They should then adopt a "Bretton Woods" frame of mind suitable to the new century and establish organizations that can achieve today's goals and align themselves with today's challenges. The World Bank is a great institution staffed by highly educated and motivated public servants, led by a committed president with compassion for helping the poor. But the proliferation of knowledge in the last 60 years has led to a complexity of tasks that defies operational definition and the new problems that have arisen require mature organizational attention and leadership. As the bank moves into its next stage of leadership in the coming years, its shareholders should be prepared to move both back to basics and into the modern era.


Which of the following does not conform to the contents of the passage?

Which of the following would least support the author’s contention?

Which of the following is true?

The bank has been instrumental in?

The bank:

Which of the following is similar in meaning to Rubric as mentioned in the passage?

Which word perfectly defines the word compelling as used in the passage?

Which of the following is not same as accountable as used in the passage?

What can be a suitable title for the passage?

Which of the following is the antonym for emerging as used in the passage?

Hit "Submit" to see your score.

4.5 (90%) 2 votes

English Language for SBI Clerk Prelims 2018 – Set 02

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